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SYSDBA privileges [Oracle]

There are five operations on Oracle that require the user to have SYSDBA privileges in order to perform them:
  • startup a database,
  • shutdown a database,
  • backup a database,
  • recover a database and
  • create a database
v$pwfile_users lists all users who have been granted sysdba or sysoper privileges.
The sysdba privilege can not be granted to public.